No plaything (IndianExpress)
enshrined in Part III of the Constitution may not be taken away or abrogated by Parliament through the amendment of the Constitution under Article 368. In 1973, the judgment on Kesavananda Bharati vs State of Kerala articulated the doctrine of basic structure and the essential features of the Constitution, laying down that “secularism”, “socialism” as well as the Preamble to the Constitution (which may not be amended unless it was according to prescribed constitutional procedure) were integral to them. With effect from January 3, 1977, the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act amended the Preamble and India was declared a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic republic. Although the 42nd amendment was reversed in key aspects by the post-Emergency 44th amendment, which took effect from June 20, 1979, the amended Preamble was not changed. It has remained unchanged since 1977.
Geo-economic Significance of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
The new bank
Bank, no country will have a veto in this new bank. Voting rights are expected to be based on a combination of GDP and PPP, and India is expected to be the second largest shareholder. There are only three seats for non-regional countries in the Board; a sharp reversal from the current situation in multilateral financial institutions. After some initial hesitation over fears of China using the new bank to project its power in Asia, India, along with other countries in Europe and East Asia, is seeing the institution in terms of providing new economic opportunities.
Moving away from steps to contain China
India and China have complementary roles in the Asian Century
Triumph of geo-economics
Solar rooftops need financing, not sops
|Centre has set an ambitious target of adding 40,000 MW by 2022 in rooftop segment|
|Of the 358 MW rooftop solar projects sanctioned by MNRE so far, only 42 MW of rooftops have been installed.|
|Commercial and industrial rooftop segments have already seen viability in several states.|
|Centre has planned to cut the subsidy on rooftop solar plants to 15 per cent from 30 per cent|
RBI tightens takeover norms for shadow banking
The RBI has invited views and comments from all interested parties and general public by April 15 on the draft directions.
Gujarat passes controversial anti-terror Bill
|Some of the key features of the Bill:|
|1. Among the controversial provisions of the Bill is Clause 16 which makes confessions before police officers admissible in court. The section stipulates that “a confession made by a person before a police officer not below the rank of Superintendent of Police…shall be admissible in the trial of such accused, co-accused, abettor or conspirator.”|
|2. The Bill also provides for extension of the period of investigation from the stipulated 90 days to 180 days.|
|3. It makes offences under the Gujarat Control of Terrorism and Organised Crime Act, 2015, non-bailable. Clause 20 (4) of the Bill states, “Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, no person accused of an offence punishable under this Act shall, if in custody, be released on bail or on his own bond.”|
|4. The Bill also makes “evidence collected through the interception of wire, electronic or oral communication” admissible in the court.|
|5. It provides immunity to the State government from legal action through an ambiguous idea of “good faith.” Section 25 of the Bill states, “No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the State government or any officer or authority of the State government for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Act.”|
SC refuses to budge on ouster of Jat community from OBC list
Cabinet clears order to extend land reforms
The cabinet cleared a new ordinance on land purchases on Tuesday, government officials said, extending measures to make transactions easier that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been unable to get onto the statute book.
The decree, which needs the president’s signature to take effect, represents a temporary workaround after opposition parties blocked legislation to make the changes permanent in parliament’s upper house.
Easing the way for investors to buy land for industrial projects in India has been a key focus of the Modi government’s reform efforts during its first year.
Billions of dollars of investment in industrial projects are tied up due to conflicts between farmers and companies trying to buy land, government backers say, hampering economic growth that could lift millions out of poverty.
The new ordinance would renew an executive order issued by Modi in December that will lapse on April 5, as well as include some amendments added when the land bill was passed by India’s lower house of parliament this month.
In recent weeks, opposition parties have united and taken to the streets against the changes, which eased requirements for investors to seek consent from affected landowners, among other measures.
Related ; Whose land
Opposition leaders say the reforms are anti-farmer and would rob millions of their livelihoods. The Congress party, ousted by Modi last May, plans a major farmers’ rally on April 19 to protest against the land reforms.
The standoff comes amid growing discontent in northern India’s farm belt, where unseasonal rains have damaged winter crops. Farmers have criticised Modi’s government for not doing more to help.