Every thing you need to know about 5G Technology(Sci and Tech,GS 3,UPSC Mains,Prelims)

What is the issue?
  • The global roll-out of 5G commercial services is expected by 2020.
  • India government is taking various measures for the sooner deployment of the technology.
What is 5G technology?
  • 5G promises ultra-reliable, very fast speeds and high bandwidth mobile connectivity, which provides peak speeds of 20 times, compared with 4G.
  • It is expected to provide 10-plus Gbps speeds, which allow access to high-bandwidth multimedia and data services for various industry applications.
  • 5G is intended to support mission-critical applications such as financial transactions and healthcare, and latency and high speed will be achieved through the use of Fibre optic cables.
What are Prospects for 5G in India?
  • High-speed broadband remains the top priority for telecom service providers, the government and the citizens alike.
  • 5G will significantly contribute in transforming everyday lives of Indians by resolving real issues within e-healthcare, e-education, infrastructure and e-governance.
  • This technology would entail accelerating the BharatNet programme for deploying connectivity infrastructures.
What are the measures taken by India in this regard?
  • Bharat Net – BharatNet project was establish in 2017, to provide digital infrastructure on a non-discriminatory basis by an affordable broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households.
  • The objective is to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to the rural India.
  • National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) –National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) is an ambitious initiative to trigger a broadband revolution in rural areas.
  • It aims to connect all the Gram panchayats in the country and provide 100 Mbps connectivity to all gram panchayats (GPs).
  • NTP- Union government has initiated measures to introduce 5G technology in India via the National Telecom Policy (NTP), from March 2018.
  • It aims to achieve 100% tele-density, high-speed internet highways and delivery of citizen-centric services electronically.
  • Forum to develop 5G roadmap – Recently, the Department of Telecommunications set up a high-level forum to develop the roadmap for operationalizing 5G services in India by 2020.
  • Waivers for Private telecoms –The government also announced a subsidy of `3,600 crore to private telecom players such as Bharti Airtel, Vodafone India and Reliance Jio to set up Wi-Fi in rural areas as part of the second phase of the BharatNet project.

Source: xaam.in

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