[History Optional Special ] UPSC Repeats Previous Year Questions In History Mains Optional

Repeated Question in History Optional 

1.       French Revolution
>>“France was even more fertile than Britain in producing new socialist theories and movements, though bore less concrete results in France than Britain.(2015)
“The impact of the French Revolution (1789) was initially confined to Europe, but, that of the Russian Revolution (1917) was global.” — Critically review.(2012)
; “The connection between the philosophers’ ideas and the outbreak of the French Revolution (1789) is somewhat remote and indirect.” (2012)
;“The writings of the philosophers had a tremendous influence on the minds of the people and created a revolutionary awakening in their minds and formed the intellectual creed of the French Revolution”(1983)
;‘The writings of the philosophers had a tremendous influence on the minds of the people and created a revolutionary awakening in their minds and formed the intellectual creed of the French Revolution.’(2005)
( Question lifted as it is)
;“If monarchical misrule ignited the French revolution, lofty ideas both inspired and sustained it.”(1992)
;‘If monarchical misrule ignited the French Revolution, lofty ideas both inspired and sustained it.’(2002)
;“If monarchical misrule ignited the French revolution, lofty ideas both inspired and sustained it.”(1997)
;‘The French Revolution attacked privileges and not property.’(2003)
;The French Revolution (1789) really achieved far less than what it intended to effect. Do you agree? (1989 )
(Question rephrased)

c. Compare the Peshwas’ bureaucratic management with that of the Imperial Mughal administration.(2015)

;“No event, as encompassing as the French Revolution occurs in an intellectual vacuum.”(2007)
;What were the ideals of the French Revolution of 1789? How far is it correct to say that it overthrew mercantilism and the surviving relics of feudalism and contributed to the political supremacy of the middle class?(1979)
     2. First World War
How far is it correct to say that the First World War was fought essentially for the preservation of the balance of           power?(2015)
; “Any single explanation for the outbreak of the First World War is likely to be too simple. An amalgam of factors intellectual, social, economic as well as political and diplomatic contributed to this horrifying conflict f monumental proportions.
;“The War’s (First World War’s) most permanent contribution to the spirit of the post-War years was disillusion 2007
3.1935 Act
‘Although the Government of India Act 1935 replaced diarchy with Provincial Autonomy, the overriding powers of the Governor diluted the spirit autonomy.” Elucidate.(2015)
>&gtHow far were its aims realised in the Government of India Act of 1935 ?(2005)
;“Thought the Act of 1919 was superseded by that of 1935, the preamble to the former was not repealed – the preservation of the smile of the Cheshire cat after its disappearance, and the latter said nothing about Dominion Status:” Elucidate. 25(2013)
4.“Jawaharlal Nehru, though a declared socialist, was nr-ion focus on providing building blocks to the making of a new India” Examine(2015)
; Jawaharlal Nehru was the architect of India’s policy of non-alignment. In the light of this statement discuss India’s relations with the two ‘Power Blocks’ between 1947-1964.(2001)
5. James Mill, the apostle of utilitarian philosophy, proposed a revolution ofIndian society through the Sveapon of law’ solely. But in actual policy framing, other influences and considerations weighed much more than the colonial State.” Elucidate(2015)
;“Sprung from paternalism, the English Utilitarian philosophy as introduced in India rejected its human warmth between rulers and the ruled”.(2008)
;Assess the impact of the utilitarian ideas in moulding the British attitude towards India. How did the utilitarian try to solve the problem of land revenue? (1992)
6.  “The role of the Non-Alignment Movement in world affairs has suffered greatly due to the theatre of internecine conflicts among the Third World countries who spearheaded it” Elucidate (2015)
; “Nehru’s policy of Non-Alignment came to symbolize the struggle of India and other newly independent nations to retain and strengthen their independence from colonialism.”(2012)
7. “The failure of Kuomintang against the communist onslaught was unimaginable and it was Mao Tse-tung whose tenacity and innovative approach had accomplished the unthinkable.” Discuss.(2015)
;“The announcement of the certain of the Peoples’ Republic of China on October 1, 1949 by Mao Zedong ended the civil war between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Nationalist Party (KMT).” — Elaborate. 30(2012)
;“The turn of the tide against the Kuomintang, consequently, was due as much to its weakness as to Communist strength.”(1985)
;. Review the political circumstances in China in the years 1945-49 leading to the establishment of the Communist rule in the land. How did the United States seek to resolve the conflict between the Nationalists and the communists in the period? (1983)
8.Industrial revolution
The oppressive exploitation of the working class in the wake of Industrial Revolution had jolted the social conscience of England.” Elucidate(2015)
;The Industrial Revolution brought about great changes in the social and economic life of Europe. Explain.(1998)
;The Industrial Revolution “changed England in character and culture.”(1996)
;‘The Industrial Revolution put mobility in the place of stability.’(1990)
; “Whoever says Industrial Revolution, says cotton.” Comment. 20(2011)
9.  The UNO was created in the light of experience of the ‘League of Nations’ but out spite of the mandate contained in the UNO constitution, its effective role maintaining world peace has lacked cohesiveness and collective approach.” Examine.(2015)
; Examine the peace – keeping efforts of the United Nations Organization(2009)
10. History of Africa appears to be simply an extension or mere sub-theme under historiography, Africa and American history. According to this scramble Elucidate without any history before the European scramble” Elucidate.(2015)
; Trace the various stages of European imperialism in Africa in the nineteenth century(2001)
>> Trace the stages in the partition of Africa after 1870. How did it affect international relations?(1996)
We  have compiled the whole list of repeated Questions along with all the mains history optional Questions from 1979-2015. It is an eye opening Document if You want to take history as optional.

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Source: xaam.in